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Home/Curriculum resources/Fire in ceremony /Activity 2 – Fire starting techniques


Health and Physical Education

Year level:

Level 5, Level 6

Suggested timing:

20 minutes

Required resources:

Device, internet connection

Green branches and flame

Activity 2 – Fire starting techniques

This activity is a part of the Fire in ceremony resource.

Green branches and flame. Adelaide, Kaurna country. Photographer: Elena Pochesneva. Source: Getty Images. Used under license.

This activity involves teachers and students watching a video demonstrating fire starting methods and discussing techniques, teamwork, and the importance of community in the process.

Step by Step guide 

Step 1: Watch videos

Step 2: Have a discussion

Engage with these inquiry-based questions for discussion: 

  • What techniques and tools were used to start the fire for the ceremony? 

  • Did it look difficult to start the fire? How many people participated? What does this tell you about the importance of community and working together? 

  • There are three main elements needed to make fire – air, heat, and fuel. What steps were used to get the fire started? 

  • What are the benefits of starting a fire this way? 

Related activities within this resources:

Green branches and flame

Conceptual-based questions

Engage with a variety of conceptual-based questions which explore fire in Indigenous culture.

Green branches and flame

Activity 1 – Smoking ceremony

Students and teachers will watch a video about smoking ceremonies, then engage in a discussion exploring their significance, cultural connections, and differences with Western beliefs.

Suggested timing:

30 mins

Required resources:

Device, internet connection

Green branches and flame

Activity 3 – Campfire construction

In this activity teachers guide students in gathering materials from an outdoor area and building a campfire setup, emphasizing the importance of considering oxygen, heat, and fuel.

Suggested timing:

30 minutes up to one lesson.

Required resources:

Sticks, leaves, stones, access to natural outdoor area

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